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Taqlîd, Madhâhib and following the scholars

Imâm Ibn ‘Abdil-Barr:

“The narrations that forbid Taqlîd, are not in regards to the laymen. The laymen are obliged to follow their scholars blindly when something happens. None from amongst the scholars say anything else.”

(al-Jami’ 2/228)

al-Ansari:

“A person cannot understand the Qur’an and Sunnah without a Madhhab.”

(al-Majmu’ 2/493)

.

Ibn Barjas: Today we have people who become Mujtahidun after having finished reading 2 books. And not only that, they even look down upon the scholars. How harmful they are! How small their benefit is! So rotten their ignorance is!

(al-’Awa’iq, p. 40, afatwa.com)

(Read quotes)

 

  • Shaykh al-Albânî:

1. Unlearned’s position towards the Fatwâ is like the position of the scholar towards the evidence

2. Exaggeration of some Salafiyyûn: Only accepting the answer if it is with evidence

3.

  • Shaykh al-Fawzân:

1. All verifying scholars follow the four Madhâhib in Fiqh, while being Salafiyyûn in ‘Aqîdah

2. To attack the four scholars of the Madhâhib: a modern doctrine!

3. The Fatwâ of a scholar – a criterion between us!

4. It is true that the scholars are not error-free

5. “There are disagreements on the issue and other opinions” | Sh al-Fawzân

6. al-Fawzân’s advice to youth who issue Fatâwâ without knowledge

7. Imâm Abû Hanîfah, our Imâm, our role model!

8. al-Fawzân’s advice to youth who issue Fatâwâ without knowledge

9. Not all who read are scholars

10. The Attack on the Madhâhib and the forbidding of Taqlîd (blind following) of today

11.

  •  Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymîn:

1. Are the four Madhhabs among the 72 astray sects in hell?

2.

  • Quotes:

al-Fawzân: What we fear for the beginners in knowledge is that they take Hadiths without checking if the Hadith is authentic or not, abrogated, unrestricted etc. (QU44)

Hammad bin Nasir: All since the time of the companions, the laymen have asked the scholars without them providing evidence for the answer and without condemning that action. Thus, there is consensus that the laymen are allowed to follow the Mujtahidun. (ad-Durar 4/34, afatwa.com)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: A Muqallid doesn’t have the right to issue Fatawa and is not allowed to do so if there are scholars in the surrounding. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p. 603)

Sh al-Albani: The problem with the youths of today is, as soon as they have learned something new, they think that they know everything. (al-Huda wan-Nur 861)

al-Fawzan: Fiqh-differences do not split Ahl-us-Sunnah. Ahnaf, Hanabilah, Shafi’iyyah and Malikiyyah are all brothers. They love each other and marry each other. (Sharh-ud-Durrah, p. 69)

Q: Who do you consider to be Mujtahid today? al-Albani: Ibn Baz and Ibn ‘Uthaymin. (al-Huda wan-Nur 301)

Ibn ‘Uthaymîn: A person who looks up a matter in a book is not considered to be a Mujtahid, rather a Muqallid. He is just following his book blindly. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p. 584)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: Ibn Muflih’s book ‘al-Furu’ is called as “Hanabilah’s broom’ because it covers the entire Madhhab. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.588)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: A person who only sticks to one Imam no matter what and ignores everything else has taken this imam as a messenger. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.599)

Imâm Ibn ‘Abdil-Barr: The narrations that forbid Taqlîd, are not in regards to the laymen. The laymen are obliged to follow their scholars blindly when something happens. None from amongst the scholars say anything else.” (al-Jami’ 2/228)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: If the ignoramus does not have knowledge about a ruling, he then has to follow the scholar blindly. Allah commands that one asks the scholars and the purpose with the question is to take their answer. Of what benefit would it otherwise be to ask them if we’re not to obey them? (Sharh-ul-Usul, p. 594)

al-Ansari: A person cannot understand the Qur’an and Sunnah without a Madhhab. (al-Majmu’ 2/493)

as-Sindi: That an ignorant person is not allowed to follow anything other than his Madhhab applies only if he has no idea about Hadith and its significance. But if he knows of a Hadith and its significance and knows via the Hadith-knowers that it is authentic, he acts in accordance with it even if his Madhhab says something else. (at-Tuhfah, p. 36)

Q: Which Madhhab is best to study for a beginner? Sh al-Albani: ash-Shafi’i's and Ahmad’s. They are much closer to the Sunnah. As for Ahmad, it is because he is more well-read than the others. As for ash-Shafi’i, he was more knowledgeable of the Arabic language and Usul-ul-Fiqh. (al-Huda wan-Nur 39)

al-Albani: If a scholar (‘Alim) gives a layman (‘Ami) a ruling, it is then not allowed for the ignoramus to say ‘I do not agree with this’ because Allah had ordered us to ask the scholars when we do not know. (SHN)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: When I am not able to know of a ruling, I follow Ibn Taymiyyah blindly. He is closer to that which is correct than others. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.595)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: To be a Mujtahid one has to have knowledge about weak and authentic Hadith, the men in the chains etc. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.585)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: A Mujtahid is a person who does research in all books and the opinions of the scholars in order to reach a ruling. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.584)

al-Albani: To say that a Muslim has to know everything with evidence is wrong and exaggeration. (Min  hayah…)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: Ibn-ul-Qayyim’s ‘A’lam-ul-Muwaqqi’in’ is one of the best Usul-ul-Fiqh-books and one of his best books. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.604)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: It is better to ask a Muqallid than to be ignorant. However, this Muqallid should not be considered to be a Mufti. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p.606)

al-Albani: A student (Talib-ul-’Ilm) is not an ‘Alim. Then who is an ‘Alim? As Malik said: I did not issue Fatawa until 70 scholars ordered me to do it. (SHN 901)

al-Albani: We see today a lot of beginners issuing Fatawa without having asked the scholars if they have the right to it. (SHN 901)

al-Albani: I lived in the Dhahiriyyah-library in Damascus. I believe that I am the person who took the virginity of its manuscripts, I.e. I was the first who read them. I could take a book and hear how it creaked in the book. (SHN 901)

al-Albani: The Muslims have it good as long as they take the knowledge from the great ones and not the small ones. (SHN 901, this is the last tape of SHN and it was recorded in Shawwal 1419/february 1999, just some month before the death of the Shaykh, rahimahullah)

al-Albani: Even if the scholars in Saudi Arabia are Hanabilah, they are still closest to the Sunnah. (SHN 301)

al-Albani: We see today a lot of beginners issuing Fatawa without having asked the scholars if they have the right to it. (SHN 901)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: It is not allowed for a layman to say when he is asked about something: ‘I believe that it is forbidden.’ However, a MUJTAHID may do so. (Sharh-ul-Usul, p. 19)

al-Fawzan:  If the scholar issues a Fatwa without evidence, you should ask him for the evidence. (alfawzan.ws)

Al-Albani: The first thing a student should study is Fiqh so that he knows how he should worship his Lord. (SHN 218, afatwa.com)

Al-Albani: If a person understands the books of the scholars AND knows arabic, he does not need to sit with the scholars throughout (to the end of) one’s life. (SHN 218, afatwa.com)

al-Fawzan: The scholars in the past only issued Fatawa if they had permission (Ijazah) from the ruler or their Shaykh. (lecture 26, afatwa.com)

al-Albani: The Muslims of today can’t distinguish things. They think that one is an ‘Alim just because one speaks. (SHN 852, afatwa.com)

Ibn Taymiyyah: Shafi’iyyah, Hanabilah and a lot of Malikiyyah allow that one executes the person who calls to his innovation.(al-’Iraqiyyah 2/934, afatwa.com)

Sufyân ath-Thawrî: The best people on the Judgement day are those who are between Allah and the creation – I.e. the messenger and the scholars. (Al-Ibânah 1/1/202, afatwa.com)

Ibn ‘Uthaymin: It is allowed to follow the scholars blindly in creed-related matters. (LBM 94, afatwa.com)

Hammad bin Nasir: When a Muqallid answers a question, it is called “Facts about the opinion of his Imam” and not “Fatwa”.(ad-Durar 4/35, afatwa.com)

More to come In sha’ Allah…