The relationship between the Qur’ân and science & the differing regarding the motion of the earth
- Scholar: ´Allâmah Rabî bin Hâdî al-Madkhalî
Source: Kashf Mawqif al-Ghazâlî min as-Sunnah wa Ahlihâ, pp. 76-77
Shaykh Rabî’: Regarding the astronomical discoveries of the westeners, we should not be in a hurry to believe that they are pure facts. We have to take it easy, confirm and study. The matter will thereby be clarified in one of the three following ways:
1 - That it agrees with what is written in the Qur’ân and Sunnah. One has to accept this for it is Islâm that has come with it. To deny it means to deny something Islâm has come with, which is extremely dangerous.
2 - That it contradicts that which is written in the Qur’ân and Sunnah. This is rejected. An example of that is the theory that the sun is still and that it is not traveling in its course, which the Qur’ân says that it certainly does1. It is disbelief and belying of the Qur’ân to believe in something like that.
3 - That it partially agrees with some texts and is refuted by other since there is no explicit and clear evidence that accepts or rejects it. An example of that is the theory that the earth spins. It can be speculated here. Each one can understand and be convinced in his own way. It is, in this case, not allowed to slander and humiliate the dissident.
1. Small note of scientific info by me: The majority, if not all, scientists of today however, explicitly state that the sun indeed does travel in our space.